The development of Canadian Universities 1920-1960


University of Toronto: Applied through
Cognitive Science

E.A. Bott: Applied (industrial & war) psychology
W.E. Blatz: Child and "Delinquent" studies
William Line: Humanist student of Spearman's
S.P.N. Chant: Statistician student of Thurstone's
J.D. Ketchum: Musical satirist of the department
"Mental Health Requiem"

Mary Salter: Personnel selection for Canadian Women's Army Corp

Magda Arnold: B.A.age 36, PhD. age 39.
 
 

1956 Bott retired, new direction: Cognitive!


C. Roger .Myers was influenced by the MacLeod Report,
psychology needed to become more scientific! (Kalin, 1997)

Was in competition with Hebb at McGill who had been recognised
as the "most visible scientist in Canadian psychology"

J D. Ketchem: U of T. is "the largest invisible department
of Psychology in the world!"(Wright & Myers, cited in Kalin, p.4)

Myers as chair sought to hire more scientists even though he
himself worked as a consultant for Ontario Mental Hospital system.

Hired: Endel Tulving: Episodic vs. Semantic memory
George Mandler & Ben Murdock
 
 

McGill University: Applied, Medical & Neurological

1920-30's applied: Child & Unemployment studies

W.D. Tait (1879-1944): Chair of Psychology 1924-1946
Child & community psychology with public lectures

  Robert B. MacLeod (1907-1972): Prodigy of mathematics Age 15 went to McGill B.A. age 19. M.A. age 20

1945 - Psycho-physiological Laboratory at Alan Memorial Institute

Used Phenomenological method, studies emotions

Chair of Psychology 1946-48 then to Cornell
 
 

1947 - G.A. Fergusson: Statistics & Experimental psychology
 
 

1948 - Donald O. Hebb Chair of Psychology

1937 - Montreal Neurological Institute under Wilder Penfield

1939 - Queens as instructor

1942 - Orange Park Florida: Yerkes Primate Laboratory

1949 - Organizing Behavior: Integration of Gestalt Field theory, Equipotentiality & studies on intelligence

Cell Assemblies: Collections of nerve cells which operate are a small circuit with feed back loops for simple perception

Phase Sequences: Strings of Cells assemblies placed into a functional sequence for complex perception
 
 

1953 - CPA President: On Human Thought

1950s studies on sensory deprivation
 
 

J.W. Bridges (1885-1980) Faculty of Medicine 1924 - Yerkes on Rockefeller Grant

1932 - Personality One and Many
 
 


Queens University: From Kant to Objective behaviour

John Watson: Kantian

George Humphrey: Oxford and Leipzig

1950 - Department of psychology J.M. Blackburn Head of psychology Tried to reconcile clinicians vs. experimentalists P.H.R. James: Animal studies, later at Dalhousie
 
 
University of Western Ontario: Theology through to Science R.B. Liddy: Philosopher, psychologist theologian Mind and behaviour are important to study Leola E. Neal: Taught and studied clinical during war

Lionel S. Penrose
 
 

1945 - Gordon H. Turner replaced Liddy as Head in 1954

Humanist "concerned about values and
the condition of man in modern society"

1948 - Separate department through battles
with President G.E. Hall
 
 

1959 - Mary J. Wright Chair of Psychology Increased interest in "science" and research

Agreed with MacLeod and "searched for respect" for the discipline - Professional Identity Crisis
 
 


University of Alberta: Eugenics to
"Theory & Psychology"

1908 - J. MacEachern: Pragmatism, Introspection & Eugenics

1960 - J.R. Royce: Head of Psychology

1966 - Centre for Advanced Study in Theoretical Psychology, supporting both interpretive and empirical psychology

1970's Annals of Theoretical Psychology: Royce & Mos

1989 - Banff Conferences: Western Canada Theoretical Psychology
 
 


University of British Columbia:

1936 - Department of Philosophy and Psychology

1937 - John Irving: Head in 1940

1945 - S.N.F. Chant: Head for boom period 2,200-9,000

1949 - Edro Signori joined from Western

1949 - Interpretive psychology: The nature of human activity 1950 - D.T. Kenny 1965 - Head: Experimentalists and required courses

1969 - Dean of Arts

1975 - President of U.B.C.

1954 - Gordon Shrum (Physics) suggested counselling service

1958 - Chant made Head of New department of Psychology

Albert Bandura - B.A. 1960, 1979 honorary Doctorate

1960s found a new explosion of Universities, as Baby boomers started, and many new institutions were quickly developed

1961 - Chant Report on Education in B.C. (Royal Commission)
 
1966 - Robert Hare: Canadian and American funding
for study on physiological and psychological factors
underlying psychopathic behaviour

1972 Peter Suedfeld: Head Experimental social psychology, sensory deprivation, cognitive complexity

1979 - 1985 I was at UBC as a student and then as a reserach assistant (for Gordon Logan)

who was a Post Doctoral Researcher in the "Attention Lab" run by Anne Treisman and her husban Daniel Kahneman.

Other notable proferssors were Stanley Coren,

Douglas T Kenny Building openned in 1983.

 

References

 Kalin, J. (1997). The C.R. Myers' oral history collection. Paper presented to the annual convention of the Canadian Psychological Association, Toronto, Ont., June 13, 1997.

Wright, M.J. & Myers, C.R. (1982). A history of academic psychology in Canada.
Toronto: Hogarth
 
 

Neo-Behaviorism and Hermeneutics