PN________

Instructions

In answering the questions that follow, please consider the words ethnic, ethnicity, and culture to refer to the group that you consider to be your ethnic or cultural group(s), the same group(s) that you described in part I of this study.

In the following pages you will find a list of statements. After reading each statement please circle a number that fits closest to your view on the following five point scale. Read each item and indicate to what degree it reflects your own thoughts and feelings. If a statement has more than one part, please indicate your reaction to the statement as-a-whole, taking both parts into consideration. Please answer all questions.

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

Neutral

Agree

Strongly
Agree

SD

D

N

A

SA

1

2

3

4

5

___________________________________________________________________________


1. Most of my friends are of my ethnic group because I feel very comfortable around them, but I don't feel as comfortable around Canadians from other cultural groups.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

2. I'd rather be colorless with respect to culture than have to choose between living around people from ethnic or majority cultures.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

3. These days it's easy to find someone I can really relate to and with whom I can share my inner feelings and thoughts.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

4. If I had a choice between Canadian food and food from my ethnic tradition, I would definitely not choose the ethnic food because it really does not satisfy my taste.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

5. If I had children I would mainly teach them Canadian values and customs so that they will become assimilated, but not acquire the values and customs of my ethnic tradition.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

6. It is not worth reading computer magazines and scientific journals, since they have no cultural content.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

7. Canadian society will look after the interests of people from my ethnic group, so there is no need for my "ethnics" to stick together and help each other to develop our own society.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

8. I would rather not wear clothes from both Canada and from my ethnic tradition.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

9. Dance of my ethnic group is an aspect of ethno-Canadian culture that we should be proud of and introduce to other Canadians.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

10. The only good music is new and keeps changing, so it's crazy to listen to old-fashioned Canadian or ethnic music.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

11. If I were a parent, I would not adopt the Canadian way of child rearing and instead I would take up the practices of child rearing from my ethnic tradition.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

12. Marriage is an out-dated custom, consequently I think no one should ever get married.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

13. When it comes to furnishing a room, if possible, I would not want to fill the room with furnitures from my ethnic culture because Canadian furnitures are so much more attractive.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

14. I find the quality of music nowadays is so bad that it's hard to find any music worth listening to.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

15. I like (or used to like) going on dates because it's always worth the effort to meet someone new.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

16. Because we live in Canada, we are always pressured to assimilate to a Canadian lifestyle. Thus, we must not emphasize our distinct Ethno-Canadian identity by restricting our association with mainstream Canadian society.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

17. I don't want to live near ethnics or mainstream Canadians. I want to live away from them all.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

18. Ethnic-Canadian youths should be encouraged to go on dates with other Canadians, even though sometimes their parents and ethnic traditions might disagree with it.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

19. It is necessary to have Ethnic-Canadian magazines so we do not have to read only mainstream Canadian magazines and become fully assimilated to Canadian ways of life.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

20. Encouraging us ethnic-Canadians to stay as a separate society only hinders our abilities to belong with the rest of Canadian society.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

21. As a parent, I would not adopt an approach that makes use of both the Canadian way of child rearing while also making use the ways from my Ethnic tradition.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

22. Taking a course in either Ethnic or Canadian history is not a waste of time since I feel a strong connection to the people in both of these histories.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

23. Because we live in Canada we do not need to know any ethnic languages; rather, we should focus our attention on speaking English fluently.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

24. Events such as the ethnic festivals of my heritage or Canada Day are examples of events supported by governments just to keep the people quiet.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

25. I find folk or classical music from my ethnic tradition very pleasurable, unlike the boredom given to me by listening to Canadian music.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

26. Ethnic and Canadian newspapers are not too concerned with culture and people, and the only bad thing about them is the advertisements.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

27. When I have to furnish a room, I would buy only furniture from my ethnic country because it looks so beautiful, unlike so much of Canadian furniture that looks out-of-place.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

28. If a parent adopts the Canadian way of child rearing the children will not be as well off as if a parent would adopt the traditional way of my ethnic group.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

29. To be successful we must participate fully in various aspects of Canadian society, while also maintaining our traditional ethnic culture and heritage.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

30. If I had a choice between eating only Canadian or food from my ethnic tradition, I would choose to eat only Canadian food because I enjoy it much more.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

31. If I had a choice, I would only marry someone who was either brought up in my homeland, or who practices the customs of our traditional lifestyle.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

32. The only forms of art and entertainment that are not worth pursuing are those that are made in revolt against culture or tradition.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

33. Other Canadians cannot appreciate or understand our Ethnic culture (such as our fine ethnic dance), so it is best to keep our culture only to ourselves.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

34. Newspapers rarely distort reality and they should always be trusted.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

35. Events or festivals from my ethnic tradition have cultural importance, like Christmas or Easter, which lies beyond the fact that they give a holiday from work.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

36. While living in Canada, we can retain our ethnic-Canadian cultural heritage and lifestyle, and yet also participate fully in various aspects of Canadian lifestyle which come from other cultures.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

37. It's alright to encourage the traditional values and customs of our ethnicity even if it creates a barrier between us and other Canadians, so I would not bother to encourage other ethnics to adopt the values that most Canadians have.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

38. Living in Canada as an ethnic-Canadian, I am not interested in knowing how to speak both English and my traditional ethnic language.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

39. Food is eaten for survival, not because it comes from some culture or has a special kind of flavor.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

40. We should not bother to focus our attention in developing ethnic magazines but instead read only mainstream Canadian magazines.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

41. Having a traditional "ethnic festival" only emphasizes our difference, while it hinders our acceptability to other Canadians.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

42. To be successful in Canada, we must not give up our traditional ethnic occupations in order to have careers like other Canadians.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

43. I think it's okay to date like other Canadians and still not have to abandon my ethnic heritage.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

44. I don't think that it is a good idea to encourage people to develop both Canadian values, by participating in various aspects of mainstream Canadian society, and also ethnic-Canadian values by participating in the traditional customs of our homeland.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

45. Realistically speaking, ethnic-Canadians should not try sticking together and working only to help each other to be successful.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

46. It doesn't make sense to study the history of people because it cannot offer a better future as can the study of technology.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

47. Listening to music is pleasurable, but the only music that I find to be noisy and unintelligible is music from our ethnic tradition.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

48. For students who are raised in Canada, I would encourage them to take a course only in Canadian history, but not in the history of our ethnic tradition.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

49. If I had to name a child, I would give only a traditional name from our culture because it is important that the child maintain his/her ethnic identity.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

50. I feel that ethnic-Canadians should have their own standard practices for marriages(like many traditional people do) and that there is no need for us to be worried about everyone getting married by the same standards.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

51. What matters in life the most is making a good living and being happy, and one need not belong to any culture to attain that.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

52. Currently, magazines reflect society's sickness. None of them are worth reading.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

53. To really appreciate good food, one must make an effort to know the cultural heritage and practices that are associated with the making and the eating of it.


SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

54. If I had to name a child, I would choose only a Canadian name because having an ethnic name would only emphasize his/her differences with other Canadians.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

55. Ethnics living in Canada should live together in distinct clusters to avoid the influence of other Canadians.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

56. One shouldn't worry about ethnic or majority ways of child-rearing because modern social scientists can tell us how to best raise our children.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

57. I can't worry about something as trivial as the heritage of furniture when I can't stand being around people in general.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

58. We're living in Canada and that means not having to give up our traditional way of life and adopt a Canadian lifestyle by thinking and acting like most other Canadians.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

59. The relationships that I have with ethnic-Canadians are not particularly valuable, while neither are the ones I have with other Canadians.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

60. It's better to marry someone who can share a rich cultural background with you rather than someone who offers to make a good income.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

61. I would encourage students raised in Canada not to take Canadian and ethnic histories, because it's not important for them to know the histories of both countries.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

62. Ethnic festivals are important events where ethnic-Canadians can share their rich cultural heritage with Canadians from other backgrounds.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

63. Although present society everywhere is changing so fast, it's not hard to teach children how to live and be happy.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

64. Ethnic-Canadians should go out on dates with other Canadians even though it represents giving up one's cultural heritage.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

65. Reading an ethnic newspaper can provide news of the community and the old country while it also makes reading other Canadian newspapers unnecessary.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

66. If I had to name a child, I would give her/him both an ethnic name and a Canadian name.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

67. I'd like to decorate my home with artifacts that have some particular "cultural stamp"; either from my ethnic background or from the majority culture.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

68. Modern societies have lost their values; thus it doesn't make sense to talk about or encourage anything to do with values and society.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

 

69. Pursuing a lifestyle which emphasizes a secure economic future is less important than pursuing one which emphasizes the comfort of belongingness to a culture of either an ethnic minority or majority group.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

70. People wear clothes because they are appropriate for work or leisure; so it doesn't matter from which country they have come.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

71. Since it's not important to know what's happening in our homelands nor in Canada, both ethnic and Canadian newspapers need not be read.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

72. Most Canadians are concerned about keeping the country together because of a genuine sense of belonging that we have with each other.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

73. I wish we didn't have to worry about names because they all have problems whether they are mainstream or minority in nature.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

74. Classical and folk dances from my ethnic tradition are not worth learning when there are so many other acceptable Canadian classical and folk dances.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

75. In the age of science and technology it is still meaningful to talk about pride in belonging to a particular ethnic or national culture.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

76. We ethnic-Canadians should join together and participate in organizations which represent our interests in Canada, but we also should actively participate in other Canadian organizations.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

77. I would not think that performing any classical or folk dance is just an expression of the declining nature of human beings.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

78. I enjoy listening to music from both our ethnic tradition as well as music from Canada.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

79. To maintain our ethnic heritage in Canada, we must concentrate our efforts in maintaining and teaching our ethnic languages rather than maintaining English.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

80. It is important to consider culture in making friends because it plays a major role in the kinds of activities in which friends can engage.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

81. It is more important for everyone to share scientific knowledge and master technology rather than try to preserve our out-dated cultural traditions.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

82. I am disturbed by having to worry about proper lifestyle and whether we are like ethnics or Canadians.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

83. I want to wear only Canadian clothes, because I prefer not to wear more traditionally ethnic clothes that would show my cultural background.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

84. "Mainstream" Canadians are not genuinely interested in traditional ethnic culture, so we should promote our ethnic cultural festivals only amongst ourselves.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

85. It is important to live nearby people from many cultural backgrounds because we can all learn from the traditions of others.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

86. It's easy to work with other people since most people are interested in something more than their own selfish gains.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

87. I don't feel that a blend of ethnic and Canadian furniture can make my home look very attractive.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

88. I find it easy to get involved in various organizations because they usually make me feel like I belong.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

89. It was not an important step for ethnic-Canadians to have magazines; who cares that we can now read magazines about both Canada and our homelands
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

90. It is important for Ethnic-Canadians to live together in clusters and not live amongst other Canadians.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

91. I would rather that people use the language of science and technology than the languages of their ancestral cultures.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

92. Reading Canadian newspapers can provide any relevant news one needs; making the reading of ethnic newspapers unnecessary.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

93. Eating both Canadian and ethnic food is something that should be avoided.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

94. Most of my friends are not ethnic-Canadians because I don't enjoy their company as much as that of other Canadians.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

95. I often feel helpless because I can't seem to express my feelings and thoughts into words.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

96. For students who were raised in Canada, I would encourage them to take a course only in Canadian history since there isn't much worth learning about our ethnic traditions.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

97. I would rather wear traditional ethnic clothes and not have to wear particular clothes just because I am in Canada.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

98. My energies will be better spent finding my cultural identity rather than worrying about a career path.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

99. People everywhere should be most concerned about survival in a world of international trade and developing technology and they should not be so interested developing a sense of belonging to a particular culture.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

100. I think that it's okay to maintain ethnic traditions by having families arrange marriages, but in keeping with other Canadians the people getting married should agree to the choice of their partners.
SD D N A SA
1 2 3 4 5

 

 

Coding Sheet for

Canadian Acculturative Attitude Survey

(CAAS)

Domains of Acculturation

Child rearing: 28s; 11a; 21i; 63m; 56d.

Clothes: 8i; 70d; 83s; 97a.

Dance (entertainment): 9i; 32d; 33s; 74a; 77m.

Dating: 15m; 18a; 43i; 64s; *d.

Festivals (culture): 24m; 41a; 62i; 84s; 35d.

Food: 4s; 30a; 53m; 93i; 39d.

Friendship: 1s; 3m; 59i; 94a; 80d.

Furniture: 13s; 27a; 57m; 87i; 67d.

History: 22m; 48a; 61i; 96s; 46d.

Language: 23a; 38i; 79s; 91d; 95m.

Lifestyle: 16s; 36i; 58a; 69d; 82m.

Magazines: 6d; 19a; 40s; 52m; 89i.

Marriage: 31s; 100i; 12m; 50a; 60d.

Music: 14m; 25a; 47s; 78i; 10d.

Names: 49s; 54a; 66i; 73m; 99d.

Newspapers: 34m; 65s; 71i; 92a; 26d.

Organizations: 76i; 75d.**

Proximity: 55s; 85i; 90a; 17m; 2d.

Society: 7s; 29i; 20a; 72m; 81d.

Values: 5s; 37a; 44i; 51d; 68m.

Work: 42a; 45s; 86m; 98d; *i

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Assim: Integ: Margin: Separ: Decult:

P

N

P

N

P

N

P

N

P

N

18

11

9

8

12

3

1

4

10

6

20

19

29

21

14

15

28

7

46

26

23

25

36

38

17

22

 

13

2

32

30

27

43

44

24

34

33

16

39

35

41

37

62

59

52

53

31

40

51

60

48

42

66

61

57

63

49

45

56

67

54

50

76

71

68

77

55

47

70

69

74

58

78

89

73

86

65

64

81

75

92

90

85

87

82

88

79

83

91

80

94

97

100

93

95

72

84

96

99

98

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

P - positive wording
N
- negative (reversed) wording