Evolution & Music
Evolution & Other Species
Levitin (2009) The world in Six
Chapter 4 - Comfort: or "Before there was prozac, there was you"
Eddie and Victor in the Kitchen at Sambos fighting over "tie a yellow ribbon round the ole oak tree" a song about "my brother"
The lullaby as a comfort song.
Ian Cross of Cambridge University - music comforts mother and child
also Teenage comfort - i.e. 'Losing my religion"
Social comfort - 911 - "God Bless America"
"Amy" and "the dream of the blue turtles"
Joni Mitchell's Blue album -
David Huron suggests that sad music give a release of prolactin
Peretz & Zatorre (2009)
Chapter 4 - Music, Cognition,
culture and evolution
Clearly we seem to have biological roots to music experience, however, what about cultural and evolutionary?
What IS music? what kind of categories doe sit fit?
Music is examined as a cultural praxis (or collection of them).
Geertz took a semiotic (interpretive) approach to anthropology where he held that music could be understood as part of a set of functional (meaning) codes developed by cultures where:
"man is an animal suspended in webs of significance he himself has spun"
Various stances on the evolutionary and cultural significance stand, ranging from "Auditory Cheesecake" to others examining music displays as central the meaning-making and cultural bonding
Chapter 5 - Is music an evolutionary
Huron (p. 57)
Does music have survival value?
NAPS theory suggests that we adopt behaviours not because they have survival value, but because they activate our dopamine reward system, eg. drug and alcohol use.
other theories suggest that music is an evolutionary vestige
Can one measure the adaptive value of music?
Some evolutionary theories of music involve:
-safe time passing
evidence for these is examined, including sexual selection and genetic, neurological, ethological and archeological evidence